In no particular order, the following papers and books are most, if not all, and perhaps a bit more than, of the technical sources this book has relied upon:

      Hariri AR, Mattay VS, Tessitore A, Kolachana B, Fera F, Goldman D, Egan MF, Weinberger DR. Serotonin transporter genetic variation and the response of the human amygdala. Science. 2002 Jul 19;297(5580):400-3 (2002)

      Davidson, Richard J. (1995) "Cerebral Asymmetry, Emotion, and Affective Style," in Richard J. Davidson and Kenneth Hugdahl, eds., Brain Asymmetry, Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 361-387.

      Davidson, Richard J. (2002) "Anxiety and Affective Style: Role of Prefrontal Cortex and Amygdala," Biol Psychiatry, 51:68-80.

      Dawkins, Richard (1976) The Selfish Gene, New York: Oxford University Press.

      Friedman, Meyer, and Ray H. Rosenman (1974) Type A Behavior and Your Heart, New York: Fawcett Crest.

      Hjelle, Larry A., and Daniel J. Ziegler (1992) Personality Theories: Basic Assumptions, Research, and Applications, New York: McGraw-Hill.

      Jung, Carl Gustav (1961) Memories, Dreams, Reflections, New York: Vintage Books, 1989.

      Kawashima, R., Sugiura ,M., Kato, T., Nakamura, A., Hatano, K., Ito, K., Fukuda, H., Kojima, S., and Nakamura, K. The human amygdala plays an important role in gaze monitoring. A PET study. Brain, 1999, 122: 779-783

      LeDoux, Joseph (1996) The Emotional Brain: The Mysterious Underpinnings of Emotional Life, New York: Touchstone.

      LeDoux, Joseph (2002) Synaptic Self: How Our Brains Become Who We Are, New York: Viking Penguin.

      Mack, Burton L. (1993) The Lost Gospel: The Book of Q & Christian Origins, San Francisco: HarperCollins Publishers.

      Morris, J.S., A. Ohman, and R.J. Dolan (1999) "A subcortical pathway to the right amygdala mediating 'unseen' fear," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 96:1680-85.

      Palmer, Helen (1995) The Enneagram in Love & Work: Understanding Your Intimate & Business Relationships, San Francisco: HarperCollins Publishers.

      Phelps, Elizabeth A., et al. (2001) "Activation of the left amygdala to a cognitive representation of fear," Nature Neuroscience, 4:4:437-41.

      Riso, Don Richard, and Russ Hudson (1996) Personality Types: Using the Enneagram for Self-Discovery, New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.

      Saunders, Frances Wright (1991) Katharine and Isabel: Mother's Light, Daughter's Journey, Palo Alto, Cal.: Consulting Psychologists Press.

      Westfall, Richard (1993) The Life of Isaac Newton, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

      Wright, Robert (1994) The Moral Animal: Why We Are the Way we Are: The New Science of Evolutionary Psychology, New York: Vintage Books.

      Chapter 5

      Allen, J.J.B., Harmon-Jones, E., Cavender, J.H., "Manipulation of frontal EEG asymmetry through biofeedback alters self-reported emotional responses and facial EMG", Psychophysiology, 38, 685-693 (2001)

      Bechara, A., Damasio, H., Damasio, A.R., "Emotion, Decision Making and the Orbitofrontal Cortex", Cerebral Cortex 10:295-307 (2000)

      Bechara, A., Tranel, D., Damasio, H., "Characterization of the decision-making deficit of patients with ventromedial prefrontal cortex lesions", Brain 123, 2189-2202 (2000)

      Carver, C. & White, T., "Behavioral Inhibition, Behavioral Activation, and Affective Responses to Impending Reward and Punishment: The BIS/BAS Scales", Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 67, No/2 319-333 (1994).

      Coan, J.A., Allen, J.J.B., "State and Trait Nature of Frontal EEG: Asymmetry in Emotion", The Asymmetrical Brain, MIT Press (2003).

      Coan, J.A., Allen, J.J.B. (2), "Frontal EEG asymmetry and the behavioral activation and inhibition systems", Psychophysiology, 40 (2003), 106-114.

      Courtney, S.M., Petit, L., Haxby, J.V., Ungerleider, L.G., "The role of prefrontal cortex in working memory: examining the contents of consciousness", Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B 353, 1819-1828 (1998).

      Daffner, K.R., Mesulam, M.M., Scinto, L.F.M., Acar, D., Calvo, V., Faust, R., Chabrerie, A., Kennedy, B., Holcomb, P., "The central role of the porefrontal cortex in directing attention to novel events", Brain 123, 927-939 (2000)

      Davidson, R. J.  HYPERLINK "" \t "_blank" |The functional neuroanatomy of emotion and affective style.", Trends in Cognitive Science, 3, 11-21 (1999)

      Davidson, R.J., Coes, C.C., Dolski, I., Donzella, B., "Individual Difference in Prefrontal Activation Predict Natural Killer Cell Activity at Rest and in Response to Challenge", Brain, Behavior, and Immunity 13, 93-108 (1999)

      Davidson, R. J." \t "_blank" |Affective style, psychopathology and resiliance: Brain mechanisms and plasticity.", American Psychologist. 55, 1196-1214 (2000b)

      Davidson, R.J., Jackson, D.C. & Kalin, N.H. t/lab%20articles/2000/Emotion,Plasticity.htm" |Emotion, plasticity, context and regulation: Perspectives from affective neuroscience. Psychological Bulletin, 126, 890-906 (2000)

      Davidson, R.J., "_biology.pdf" \t "_blank" |Toward a biology of personality and emotion", Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 935, 191-207 (2001)

      Davidson, R.J. , "NK "" |Anxiety and affective style: Role of prefrontal cortex and amygdala." Biological Psychiatry, 51, 68-80 (2002)

      Davidson, R.J., Kabat-Zinn, J., Schumacher, J., Rosenkranz, M., Muller, D., Santorelli, S.F., Urbanowski, F., Harrington, A., Bonus, K., Sheridan, J.F., "Alterations in Brain and Immune Function Produced by Mindfulness Meditation", Psychosomatic Medicine 65:564-570 (2003)

      Davidson, R.J., "Affective neuroscience and psychophysiology: Toward a synthesis", Psychophysiology, 40:655-665 (2003)

      Dolan, R.J., "Emotion, Cognition, and Behavior", Science Vol. 298, 1191-1194 (2002)

      Field, T., "Early Interventions for Infants of Depressed Mothers", Pediatrics Vol. 102 No. 5 (1998)

      Gray, J.R., Braver, T.S., Raichle, M.E., "Integration of emotion and cognition in the lateral prefrontal cortex", PNAS Vol. 99 No. 6, 4115-4120 (2002)

      Harmon-Jones, E., Allen, J.J.B., "Behavioral Activiation Sensitivity and resting Frontal EEG Asymmetry Covariation of Putative Indicators Related to Risk for Mood Disorders", Journal of Abnormal Psychology 106, 159-163 (1997).

      Harmon-Jones, E. & Allen, J.B., "Anger and Frontal Brain Activity: EEG Asymmetry Consistent With Approach Motivation Despite Negative Affective Valence", Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Vol. 74 No. 5 1310-1316 (1998)

      Harmon-Jones, E., Sigelman, J., Bohlig A., Hamon-Jones, C., "Anger, Coping, and Frontal Cortical Activity: The Effect of Coping Potential on Anger-Induced Left Frontal Activity", In Press at Cognition and Emotion (2000).

      Harmon-Jones, E., Abramson, L. Y., Sigelman, J., Bohlig, A., Hogan, M. E., & Harmon-Jones, C. (2002). Proneness to hypomania/mania or depression and asymmetrical frontal cortical responses to an anger-evoking event. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 610-618

      Henriques, J.B., Davidson, R.J., Decreased responsiveness to reward in depression", Cognotion and Emotion 14(5), 711-724 (2000)

      Kalin, N.H., Larson, C., Shelton, S.E., Davidson, R.J., "Asymmetric Frontal Brain Activity, Cortisol, and Behavior Associated With Fearful Temperament in Rhesus Monkeys", Behavioral Neuroscience  Vol. 112, No. 2, 286-292 (1998)

      Kosslyn, S. M., Cacioppo, J. T., Davidson, R. J., Hugdahl, K., Lovallo, W. R., Spiegel, D., and Rose, R., "Bridging psychology and biology. The analysis of individuals in groups", Am.Psychol., 57, 341-351 (2002)

      LePage, M., Ghaffar, O., Nyberg, L., Tulving, E., "Prefrontal cortex and episodic memory retrieval mode", PNAS Vol. 97 No. 1, 506-511 (2000)

      O'Doherty, J., Kringelbach, M.L, Rolls, E.T., Hornak, J. and Andrews, C.,  95-102 (2001)

      Opitz, B., Mecklinger, A., Friederici, A.D., "Functional Asymmetry of Human Prefrontal Cortex: Encoding and Retrieval of Verbally and Nonverbally Coded Information", Learning & Memory 7:85-96 (2000)

      Opitz, B., Mecklinger, A., Friederici, A.D., von Cramon, D.Y., "The Functional Neuroanatomy of Novelty Processing: Integrating ERP and fMRI Results", Cerebral Cortex 9:379-391 (1999)

      Pfeifer, M., Goldsmith, H. H., Davidson, R. J., & Rickman, M. Pekar, J.J., Courtney, S.M., "Dissociation of the Neural Systems for Working Memory Manitenance of Verbal and Nonspatial Visual Information", Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 1(2): 161-171 (2001)

      Sobotka, S. S., Davidson, R. J., & Senulis, J. A. . (2002). Scars that Won't Heal: The Neurobiology of Child Abuse. Scientific American, 286(3), 68-75

      Teicher, M.D. (2000). Wounds that time won't heal: The neurobiology of child abuse. Cerebrum: The Dana Forum on brain science, 2(4), 50-67

      Wood, J.N., Grafman, J., "Human Prefrontal Cortex: Processing and Representational Perspectives", Nature Reviews/Neurosceince Vol. 4 139-146 (2003)